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If You Sailed on the Mayflower Vocabulary

Page history last edited by Amy Rockvam 13 years ago

 **Mayflower Vocab Words**

Tier One: 

a person who goes on a long journey
a traveler riding in a boat, car, train, airplane, ect.
a person who travels on water

people living in America when Europeans arrived

Cargo ship

 a ship carrying things like cloth, hats, and barrels of wine


Tier Two:

men or women originally from England
The New World
religious songs
the ship the Pilgrims sailed from Plymouth to Massachusetts in 1620
Speedwell   the smaller ship intended to carry the Pilgrims to the new world
Hornbook  a book children used to learn their ABC's
Doublets woolen or leather jacket
Breeches pants
Voider a basket passed at the end of meal to throw crumbs, bones, and napkins in
Trencher a piece of wood used as a plate
Trundle Bed a small bed pulled out from under the larger bed that children slept on
Herbs medicine of the Pilgrims
Shallop a small boat used for sleeping and exploring trips later on
Salt Horse salted beef, pork, or fish
Hardtrack hard, dry biscuit


Tier Three:

Englishmen who wanted to have their own separate church
Cape Cod
today is known as the state of Massachusetts
William Bradford
A pilgrim leader who said, "Many fell upon their knees, and blessed the God of Heaven who had brought them over the vast and furious ocean."
Edward Winslow
A pilgrim leader who said, "the water froze on our clothes and made them like coats of iron."
Miles Standish
Samoset English speaking Indian the pilgrims first met
Squanto The Indian who was the pilgrims best friend
John Carver Governor of the Pilgrims
Chief Massasoit worked alongside John Carver on creating a peace treaty
John Billington shot a man and was hanged for his crime
The Mayflower Compact a promise of fair laws, gave the pilgrims the right to choose their own leader

**Definitions taken from: If You Sailed on the Mayflower By, Ann McGovern


Vocabulary Activities

**Marzano's Six Step Process**

Step 1Describe – Provide students with a description, explanation or example (not a definition) using common language

    • Determine prior knowledge
    • What do you think you know about this term?
    • Use imagery


Step 2Restate – Students restate the description, explanation or example in their own words

    • Discuss with a partner

                    -Vocab Worksheet In Your Own Words.docx

    • Student record (notebook or journal)


Step 3Representations - Students represent the term non-linguistically

    • Graphic representation illustrating process
    • Draw the thing
    • Draw a symbol

                   -Vocab Imagery Worksheet: Vocab Imagery.docx 

    • Dramatize the term
    • Student record (notebook or journal)


Step 4Activities – Engage students periodically in activities that add to their knowledge of the terms

    • Identify synonyms or antonyms
    • List related words
    • Write reminders of common confusions
    • Draw an additional graphic
    • Write metaphors and analogies

               -Vocab Worksheet Vocab Analogy.docx

    • Compare terms
    • Classify terms
    • Student record (notebook or journal)


Step 5Discuss – Ask students to discuss terms with each other

    • Think-Pair-Share about targeted terms
    • 2 minute vocabulary BUZZ

                   - Quizlet

    • Add to or revise student record (notebook or journal)


     Step 6Games - Play games with your terms

    • Jeopardy

                    -Created Vocabulary Jeopardy Game

    • Pyramid
    • I have, who has?
    • Memory

                  -Vocab Worksheet: Vocab Memory Game.docx 

                  -Quizlet Game Scatter

              -Quizlet Game Space Race


Vocabulary Purpose


  • "Words are great subjects to investigate. When you become a student of language, and delight in discovering word relationships, and become aware of how you can make words work for you, you are more likely to stop when you encounter an unfamiliar word and consider its meaning. If you do this, you will become a master of words and your vocabulary will grow. You must develop strategies to conquer unfamiliar words when you find them in your college textbooks and in your learning to make words work for you." Reference: Cuesta College
  • My values and beliefs in the knowledge and retention of vocabulary are stated perfectly in the following statement by Cuesta College. "Vocabulary building takes patience and continued effort. Your vocabulary can and should be a reflection of you. Your vocabulary is you. And like you, your vocabulary should be alive. It should change and grow to meet your needs."


Marzano's Purpose

  •  Dr. Robert J. Marzano is the author of Building Academic Vocabulary: Teacher's Manual. He states the book contains a six-step process for teaching vocabulary terms so students develop deep understandings of the terms. It gives examples of fun and engaging activities and games that help students add to their knowledge of vocabulary terms as they review and play with the terms they have recorded in their student notebooks.
  • Marzano is also famous for his research reports done on statistical analysis. The reports describe the findings for an analysis of data provided by the Re-Inventing Schools Coalition (RISC). This tool is based on a continuum that describes specific levels of implementation. It is broken into 6 key levels:
    • Awareness
    • Understanding
    • 1st Implementation
    • Routine
    • Refinement
    • Replication

For more information on Dr. Robert J. Marzano's research go to his home page



 Great Books 


If You Sailed on the Mayflower


If You Sailed on the Mayflower Resources


If You Sailed on the Mayflower Lesson Plans


                                                                                     Wiki Authored by Amy R.




Comments (1)

Kristie Noel said

at 1:26 pm on Nov 1, 2010

The 6 steps are Marzano's right? You might want to put the 6 steps along with the information on Marzano. That way it flows a little better and you know exactly who created the 6 steps. I really like your vocabulary words. You have great words and definitions which are easy to follow and understand.

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